講到油脂,第一個想到的就是食物。但棕櫚油只會出現在食物中嗎?

如果你正在看這篇文章,可以先起身去拿幾個餅乾、巧克力、泡麵、麵包、香皂、牙膏、洗碗精、洗髮乳、洗衣精等,看看哪些含有「棕櫚油」、「棕櫚仁油」?哪些寫著「植物油」?哪些寫著一堆看不懂的英文專有名詞?

那些看不懂的英文名詞,有在下面這些清單裡嗎?

Overview

Photo credit to Andres Ayrton from Pexels

棕櫚油的代名詞清單

此份清單內容來自International Palm Oil Free Certification Trademark 網站  © Bev Luff 2009,已取得其授權分享此清單。

*請注意:這份清單上的成份,有可能提煉自其他種油品。購買的產品若有該清單列出的成份,可以直接聯繫該產品廠商,最能確保是否來自棕櫚油。

此清單順序排列為A至Z:

1,2-OCLanediol
1,2-Octyleneglycol
2-Ethyl Hexyl Stearate
100 Cetyl/stearyl ether
304
α-hydroxy-N-stearoylphytosphingosine

A

Acetylated glycol stearate
Acetylated monoglycerides
Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (472a/E472a)
Acrylated Palm Oil
APO
Acrylates/Palmeth-25
AHCOHOL 0810 (Octyl Decyl Alcohol)
AHCOHOL 0898 (Octyl Alcohol)
AHCOHOL 1098 (Decyl Alcohol)
AHCOHOL 1216 (Lauryl/Myristyl Alcohol)
AHCOHOL 1299 (Lauryl Alcohol)
AHCOHOL 1498 (Myristyl Alcohol NF)
AHCOHOL 1618 (Cetyl Stearyl/Cetearyl Alcohol)
AHCOHOL 1698 (Cetyl Alcohol NF)
AHCOHOL 1898 (Stearyl Alcohol NF)
AHCOHOL® Fatty Alcohols
Alkyl alcohol Aluminium stearate
Alkyl polyglucoside
Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium salts of fatty acids (470/E470a; E470b)
Aluminum dimyristate
Aluminum Isostearates
Aluminium myristate
Aluminium palmitate
Aluminium stearate
Ammonium laureth sulphate
Ammonium lauryl sulphate
Anionic & Non Anionic Surfactants (too generic an ingredient, need more info on)
Arachamide mea
Ascorbyl palmitate
Ascorbyl palmitate (304)
Ascorbyl stearate
Azelaic acid

B

Behenic acid 85% (C22)
Behentrimonium methosulphate
BTMS
beta Carotene
Biodiesal
Butyl myristate
Butyl stearate
Butyl Stearate IPM (Isopropyl Myristate)

C

C16
C17
C18
CAB
Calcium lactylate
Calcium oleyl lactylate
Calcium myristate
Calcium stearate
Calcium stearoyl lactylate (482/E482)
CAPB
CAPB-KG30
CAPB-KG45
Capric Acid (C10)
Capric triglyceride
Capryl Glucoside
Caprylamine
Caprylic acid
Caprylic acid (C8))
Caprylic triglyceride
Caprylic/capric acid (C810)
Caprylic-capric triglycerides
Caprylic-capric-stearic triglyceride
Capryloyl glycine
Caprylyl glycol
Carboxylic acid
Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) (can come from PKC cellulose)
CDE
CDE K85
CDE K90
CDE-K85
CDE-K90
Ceteareth (2-100)
Cetearyl alcohol
Cetearyl ethylhexanote
Cetearyl glucoside
Cetearyl isononanoate
Cetearyl olivate
Ceteth-20
Ceteth-24
Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)
CTAB
Cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC)
CTAC
Cetrimonium bromide
Cetrimonium chloride
Cetostearyl alcohol
Cetyl acetate
Cetyl alcohol
Cetyl ethylhexanoate
Cetyl hydroxyethylcellulose
Cetyl lactate
Cetyl myristate
Cetyl octanoate
Cetyl palmitate
Cetyl ricinoleate
Cetyl-PG Hydroxyethyl Palmitamide
Cetyl/stearyl ether
Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (472c/E472c)
Citris seed extract
CMEA
CME-K85
CME-K95
Coco – Caprylate
Coco – polyglucose
Cocoyl sarcosine
Coco – DEA
Coco – Glucoside
Coco Alkyl Betaine
Coco MEA
Cocoa butter equivalent (CBE)
Cocoa butter substitute (CBS)
Cocoamidopropyl Amine Oxide
Cocodiethanolamide
Cocomide – DEA
cocomide – MEA
Cocomidopropyl – Betaine
Cocomonoethanolamide
Coconut Fatty Acid

D

Decal – Glucosde
Decyl Myristate
Decyl oleate
Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (472e/E472e)
Dicaprylyl Ether
dicocoyl ethyl hydroxyethylmonium methosulfate
Dicocoyl Pentaerythrityl Distearyl Citrate
Dilinoleic acid
Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate
Disodium lauryl sulfosuccinate
Distilled Fatty Acids
Distilled Monoglyceride Palm
Distilled Palm Kernel (DPK)
Dried Yeast

E

EBS – Ethylene Bis Stearamide
EBS Beads
EBS SF
EBS SP
Elaeis guineensis oil
Emulsifier 422
Emulsifier 430
Emulsifier 431
Emulsifier 432
Emulsifier 433
Emulsifier 434
Emulsifier 436
Emulsifier 470
Emulsifier 470a
Emulsifier 470b
Emulsifier 471
Emulsifier 471a
Emulsifier 471b
Emulsifier 471c
Emulsifier 471d
Emulsifier 472e
Emulsifier 473
Emulsifier 474
Emulsifier 475
Emulsifier 476
Emulsifier 477
Emulsifier 478
Emulsifier 481
Emulsifier 482
Emulsifier 483
Emulsifier 484
Emulsifier 485
Emulsifier 493
Emulsifier 494
Emulsifier 495
Epoxidized palm oil (uv cured coatings)
Emulsifying wax
Ethoxylated glycerol monooleate
Ethoxylated lauryl alcohol
Ethoxylated monoglycerides
Ethoxylated Sorbitan monostearate (SMS)
Ethoxylated Sorbitan Mono-stearate (STS)
Ethoxylated palm oil
Ethyl lauroyl arginate (243)
Ethylene glycol monostearate
Ethylhexyl hydroxystearate
Ethylhexyl myristate
Ethylhexyl palmitate
Ethylhexyl stearate
Ethylhexylglycerin
Ethylene glycol diesters
Ethylene glycol esters
Ethylene glycol monoesters
Ethylene glycol monostearate
Ethyhexylglycerin
Ethyhexyl hydroxystearate
Ethylhexyl myristate
Ethylhexyl palminate
Ethylhexyl stearate

F

Fatty Acid Diethanolamides
Fatty Acid Monoethanolamides
Fatty Acids
Fatty Alcohol Alkoxylate
Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate
Fatty alcohol sulphates
Fatty isethionate
Fractionated Palm Methyl Esters

G

Glycerin
Glycerin or glycerol (442)
Glycerine
Glyceryl cocoate
Glyceryl esters
Glycerol di-myristate
Glyceryl distearate
Glyceryl laurate
Glyceryl monococoate
Glyceryl monostearate
Glyceryl myristate
Glyceryl oleate
Glyceryl polymethacrylate
Glyceryl rosinate
Glyceryl stearate
Glyceryl stearate SE
Glyceryl tripalmitate
Glycol distearate
Glycol stearate
Grapefruit seed extract
Guineesis (palm)

H

Hexadecylic
Hexyl laurate
Hexyldecanol
Humectant 422
Hydrogenated palm glycerides

I

IPO (Isopropyl Oleate)
Isopropyl Acetate
Isopropyl isostearate
Isoamyl laurate
Isobutyl myristate
Isocetyl alcohol
Isocetyl myristate
Isodecyl oleate
Isopropyl esters
Isopropyl isostearate
Isopropyl myristate
Isopropyl palmitate
Isopropyl titanium triisostearate
Isostearamide DEA
Isostearate DEA
Isostearic acid
Isostearyl alcohol
Isostearyl isostearate
Isostearyl myristate
Isostearyl neopentanoate
Isotridecyl myristate

L

Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (472b/E472b)
Lactylated Monoglycerides
Lauramide DEA
Lauramide MEA
Lauramine oxide
Laureth
Laureth-1
Laureth-2
Laureth-3
Laureth-5
Laureth-6
Laureth-7
Laureth-8
Laureth-9
Laureth-10
Laureth-11
Laureth-12
Laureth-13
Laureth-14
Laureth-15
Laureth-16
Laureth-20
Laureth-21
Laureth-25
Laureth-30
Laureth-38
Laureth-40
Laureth-50
Lauric acid
Lauric Acid (C12)
Lauroyl sarcosine
Lauryl Alcohol Ethoxylates (2, 3 & 4 Mole)
Lauryl betaine
Lauryl dimonium hydrolysed collagen​
Lauryl glucoside
Lauryl lactate
Laurel myristate
Lauryl pyrrolidone
Lauryl sarcosine
Lecithin
Lecithin isopropyl palm oil
Linoleic acid

M

Magnesium myristate
Magnesium stearate
Metallic stearates
Methyl laurate (1214)
Methyl myristate
Methyl laurate stearate (1218)
Methyl oleate (1898)
Methyl palmitate-stearate (1618)
(Methyl palmitate-stearate – DPK)
Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (472f/E472f)
Mono-and-di-glycerides of fatty acids (471/E471)
Mono glycerides of fatty acids
Monoglyceride citrate
Monopalmitate
Myreth 3 myristate​
Myristate
Myristic acid
Myristic Acid (C14))
Myristic Cetrimonium Chloride Acid
Myristoyl
Myristyl alcohol
Myristyl myristate
Myristoyl Sarcosine
Myristoyl Sarcosinate
Myristyl alcohol
Myristyl myristate

N

n- Butyl esters
n-Octane-1,2-diol
N-stearoyl phytosphingosine
N-stearoyl sphinganine

O

Octandiol
Octan-1,2-diol
Octyl palmitate
Octyl stearate
Octyldodecyl myristate
Octyldodecyl stearoyl stearate
Oleamide MIPA
Oleic acid
Oleic Acid FGK
Oleyl betaine
Oleyl myristate
Oleoyl sarcsine
Olivem 1000
Olive – emulse
Oliv-wax LQC

P

PALMESTER fatty esters
Palm fruit oil
Palmitoleic acid
Palm Kernel Acid
Palm kernel cake
Palm Kernel Diethanolamide
Palm Kernel Fatty Acid
Palm Kernel Monoethanolamide
Palm kernel oil
Palm Methyl Esters
Palm oil
Palm olein
Palm stearine
Palm Sterine (PS)
Palmate
Palmitamidopropyl betaine​
Palmitamidopropyltrimonium chloride
Palmitate
Palmitic acid
Palmitic Acid (C16)
Palmitoyl acid
Palmitoyl alcohol
Palm oleic acid
Palmitoyl myristyl serinate
Palmitoyl oligopeptide
Palmitoyl oxostearamide
Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-3
Palm Methyl Ester
PBS Base
Palmfonate
Palmosalt
PEG-2 cetyl/stearyl ether
PEG – 7
PEG-100 stearate
PEG-12 Carnauba
PEG-15 stearyl ether
PEG-150 distearate
PEG-2 oleamine
PEG-20 stearate
PEG-4 laurate
PEG-40 stearate
PEG-8 distearate
PEG-8 stearate
PEG-80 sorbitan laurate
Pentaerythritol tetra caprai/caprylate
Pentaerythrityl tetracaprylate/tetracaprate
Pentaerythrityl tetraisostearate
Peptide complex
PG dicaprylate/caprate
PK oleic acid
PK DEA
PK MEA
Planta-Cleanse
PME 1214 (Methyl Laurate Myristate)
PME 1218 (Methyl Laurate Stearate)
PME 1298 (Methyl Laurate) PME 1618
PME 1618 (Methyl Palmitate Oleate)
PME 1698 (Methyl Palmitate)
PME 1898 (Methyl Oleate – PK)
POFA (palm oil fuel ash)
Polyethylene glycol
Polyethylene (40) stearate (431)
Polyglycerate-60
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids (475/E475)
Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid (476/E476)
Polyglycerol-2 oleyl ether
Polyglyceryl-3 dilisostearate
Polyglyceryl-4 isostearate
Polyglyceryl-4 laurate
Polyglyceryl-4 oleyl ether
Polyoxyethylene
Polyoxyethylene Glycol (PEG-7)
Polysorbate 60
polyoxyethylene (20)
sorbitan monostearate (435/E435)
Polysorbate 65
polyoxyethylene (20)
sorbitan tristearate (436/E436)
Polysorbate 80
polyoxyethylene (20)
sorbitan monoolate (433/E433)
Polysorbate-20
Polysorbate-40
Polysorbate-60
Polysorbate-65
Polysorbate-80
Polysorbate-85
POME palm oil mill effluent
Potassium Cetyl Phosphate
Potassium Palmitate
Potassium myristate
Potassium stearate
PPG-15 stearate ether
PPG-4 Laureth-5
Propylene glycol monoester
Propylene glycol myristate
Propylene glycol
Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids (477/E477)
Propylene glycol laurate
Propylene glycol stearate

R

Retinyl palmitate
Rubber Grade Stearic Acid

S

Saponified elaeis guineensis
Sleareth
SLES
SLS
Sodium cetearyl sulphate
Sodium Coco Sulphate
Sodium cocoyl glycinate
​Sodium cocoyl isethionate
Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS or NaDS)
Sodium Isostearoyl Lactylaye
Sodium lactylate
Sodium laurate
Sodium laurel
Sodium laureth sulfat
Sodium laureth sulphate
Sodium laureth-13 carboxylate
Sodium lauroamphoacetate
Sodium lauroyl glutamate
Sodium lauroyl lactylate
Sodium lauryl
Sodium lauryl ether sulphate (SLES)
Sodium lauryl sulfate
Sodium lauryl sulfoacetate
Sodium lauryl sulphate
Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate
Sodium myristate
Sodium oleyl lactylate
Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate
Sodium stearoyl lactylate
Sodium palm kernelate
Sodium palm kerneloyl isethionate
Sodium palmate
Sodium palmitate
Sodium stearate
Sodium stearoyl fumarate
Sodium Stearoyl glutamate
Sodium stearoyl lactylate
Sodium stearoyl lactylate (481/E481)
Solubiliser PS20
Sorbitan Caprylate
Sorbitan Cocoate
Sorbitan diisostearate
Sorbitan Distearate​
​Sorbitan ester
Sorbitan isotearate
Sorbitan laurate
Sorbitan monoglyceride
Sorbitan monolaurate
Sorbitan monopalmitate
Sorbitan monostearate (491)
Sorbitan palmitate
Sorbitan sesquioleate
Sorbitan trioleate
Sorbitan tristearate
Sorbitan tristearate (492)
Sorbitan triglyceride
Stearalkonium bentonite
Stearalkonium chloride
Stearalkonium hectorite
Stearamide MEA
Stearamidopropyl dimethylamine
Stearamine Oxide
Steareth – 2
Steareth – 7
Steareth – 10
Steareth – 11
Steareth – 13
Steareth – 14
Steareth – 15
Steareth – 16
Steareth – 20
Steareth – 21
Steareth – 25
Steareth – 27
Steareth – 30
Steareth – 40
Steareth – 50
Steareth – 100
Stearic Acid (C18)& (570)
Stearic acid (vegetable oil)
Stearic Acid 50 NF Powder
Stearic Acid 55% 65%, 70%, 90%
Stearic acid or fatty acid (570)
Stearic hydrazide
Stearone
Stearoxytrimethylsilane
Stearoyl sarcosine
Stearyl acetate
Stearyl alcohol
Stearyl alcohol NF
Stearyl caprylate,
Stearyl citrate
Stearyl dimethicone
Stearyl glycyrrhetinate
Stearyl heptanoate
Stearyl Octanoate
Stearyl Stearate
Stearyl tartarate
Stearyltrimethylammonium Chloride​​
Stearoyl lactic acid
Stearyldimethyl amine
Steartrimonium chloride
Succinylated monoglycerides
Sucrose esters of fatty acids (473/E473)
Sucrose distearate
Sucrose oleate
Sucrose tristearate
Shea butter (extended)
Sucrose stearate
Sulphonated Methyl Esters​
Synthetic beeswax

T

Taxanomic
TEA-lauryl sulphate
TEA-stearate
Temest 2 EHC (Ethylhexyl Cocoate)
Temest 2 EHP (Ethylhexyl Palmitate)
Temest 2 EHS (Ethylhexyl Stearate)
Temest 810 (Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride)
Temest 99 (Isononyl Isononanonate)
Temest ALB (C12 15 Alkyl Benzoate)
Temest CTE (Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate)
Temest CTN (Cetearyl Isononanoate)
Temest DO (Decyl Oleate)
Tetradecylocadecyl myristate
Tetrasodium glutamate diacetate
Tocopheryl linoleate
Triacetin
Triacetin (1518)
Tribehenin
Tricaprylin
Tridecyl myristate
Triisopropanolamine
Triple Pressed Stearic Acid
Tristearin

V

Veg Emulse
Vegetable Emulsifier
Vegetable glycerine
Vegetable gum (466)
Vegetable mono diglycerides
Vegetable oil
Vit A

Z

Zinc myristate
Zinc stearate

© Bev Luff 2009

棕櫚油也會在清潔用品中

Photo credit to Anna Shvets from Pexels

哪些東西含有棕櫚油?

除了零食、泡麵、巧克力、人造鮮奶油等食物之外,口紅、洗衣精、洗髮精、牙膏、麵包、生質能源等,都可能含有棕櫚油。所以購買前,可以先看標籤並查詢一下內含的成份。

Ethical Consumer建議,可以注意PALM、STEAR、LAUR、GLYC這四個字根,有這四個字根的成份已超過上述清單的一半!常出現的vegetable oil、植物油,也可能是個陷阱。雖然不一定代表這些成份來自棕櫚油,但提供了一些線索,可以直接跟產品廠商聯繫詢問!

好,我知道你快速滑過上面那個清單,可能覺得有點喘不過氣啦!誰會記得那些清單上的成份啦!其實我也記不太起來,所以我先從食物開始著手,並一邊尋找成份更單純的生活用品,下一篇就來分享我的方式。

我是黃妮達 Juanita!這篇文章對你有幫助嗎?歡迎分享幫助更多人!

也歡迎你幫我免費拍手5下,你的拍手,是我繼續產出更多創作的動力之一。

或是成為讚賞公民,化讚為賞給作者。

有任何問題,也歡迎在底下留言給我唷!